The next section, on Leadership Models and Competency Frameworks, presents a range of leadership and management frameworks currently being used in organisations.
Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made.
It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals.
Good leaders are thus made, not born. He stated that the basis of a good leadership is strong character and selfless devotion to an organization Jenkins, From the perspective of employees, leadership is comprised of everything a leader does that affects the achievement of objectives and the well-being of employees and the organization Abbasialiya, Leadership involves a type of responsibility aimed at achieving particular ends by applying the available resources human and material and ensuring a cohesive and coherent organization in the process Ololube, Northouse and Rowe described leadership as a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.
This article contends that effective leadership is crucial to the proper operation and very survival of a non-profit organization.
Leadership is arguably one of the most observed, yet least understood phenomena on earth Burns, in Abbasialiya, Over time, researchers have proposed many different styles of leadership as there is no particular style of leadership that can be considered universal. Despite the many diverse styles of leadership, a good or effective leader inspires, motivates, and directs activities to help achieve group or organizational goals.
Conversely, an ineffective leader does not contribute to organizational progress and can, in fact, detract from organizational goal accomplishment. According to Nayloreffective leadership is a product of the heart and an effective leader must be visionary, passionate, creative, flexible, inspiring, innovative, courageous, imaginative, experimental, and initiates change see figure 1.
Qualities of the leader and the manager This study was enthused by the premise that no nation grows further than the quality of its educational leaders and or educational managers. In this theoretical debate, the authors presented a moderately detail analysis of a theoretical research conducted on the need for African countries especially Nigeria to reform.
This debate focus not simply on what educational leadership is, but the impact it has on school management, teachers and students and the part it plays in meeting the challenges facing education institutions.
The overall purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context in which leadership is made on effectiveness and improved school management.
Theories of Leadership There are as many different views of leadership as there are characteristic that distinguish leaders from non-leaders. In the more dominant theories of leadership, there exists the notion that, at least to some degree, leadership is a process that involves influence with a group of people toward the realization of goals Wolinski, Charrynoting that scholarly interest in leadership increased significantly during the early part of the twentieth century, identified eight major leadership theories.
While the earlier of these focused on the qualities that distinguish leaders from followers, later theories looked at other variables including situational factors and skill levels.
These theories often portray leaders as heroic, mythic and destined to rise to leadership when needed.
The term great man was used because, at the time, leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially military leadership See also, Ololube, Trait Theory Similar in some ways to great man theories, the trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities or traits make them better suited to leadership.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioural characteristics that are shared by leaders.The existence of different types of leadership theories indicated the efforts of previous researchers in the studies of leadership. Those theories play important role for the further literature study of the leadership (Morgeson, DeRue, and Karam, ).
The review of literature proceeds to identify the various ways by which transformational leadership impacts on follower outcomes.
Finally, commentary shall be given about the transactional leadership perspective from a practical standpoint.
Foundations of Leadership – Summary chart of leadership perspectives/theories/models – V. Harwood Page 2 Trait Theory what the leader is. In a recent study Amanchukwu et.
al  examined the leadership effectiveness towards improving school management and the theories of leadership, principles and styles of leadership. The article.
Projects and other temporary forms of organizing are different from standard organizational processes. As most leadership theories are based on the assumption of stable organizational environments, the increase in temporary forms of organizing poses specific challenges to leadership theories.
Head: Leadership Theories 1 Leadership Theories Leadership Models and Theories 2 Leadership Theories According to Daft (, p) leadership typically reflects the larger society, and theories have evolved as norms, attitudes, and understandings in the larger world of change.