Eriksons psychosicial theory

Is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life Hope:

Eriksons psychosicial theory

Mistrust Is the world a safe place or is it full of unpredictable events and accidents waiting to happen?

Eriksons psychosicial theory

Erikson's first psychosocial crisis occurs during the first year or so of life like Freud's oral stage of psychosexual development. The crisis is one of trust vs. Eriksons psychosicial theory this stage, the infant is uncertain about the world in which they live.

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development - Wikipedia

To resolve these feelings of uncertainty, the infant looks towards their primary caregiver for stability and consistency of care.

If the care the infant receives is consistent, predictable and reliable, they will develop a sense of trust which will carry with them to other relationships, and they will be able to feel secure even when threatened.

Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of hope. By developing a sense of trust, the infant can have hope that as new crises Eriksons psychosicial theory, there is a real possibility that other people will be there as a source of support.

Different Stages of Psychosocial Development

Failing to acquire the virtue of hope will lead to the development of fear. For example, if the care has been harsh or inconsistent, unpredictable and unreliable, then the infant will develop a sense of mistrust and will not have confidence in the world around them or in their abilities to influence events.

This infant will carry the basic sense of mistrust with them to other relationships. It may result in anxiety, heightened insecurities, and an over feeling of mistrust in the world around them. Consistent with Erikson's views on the importance of trust, research by Bowlby and Ainsworth has outlined how the quality of the early experience of attachment can affect relationships with others in later life.

Shame and Doubt Autonomy versus shame and doubt is the second stage of Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. This stage occurs between the ages of 18 months to approximately 3 years. The child is developing physically and becoming more mobile, and discovering that he or she has many skills and abilities, such as putting on clothes and shoes, playing with toys, etc.

Eriksons psychosicial theory

Such skills illustrate the child's growing sense of independence and autonomy. For example, during this stage children begin to assert their independence, by walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what they like to wear, to eat, etc.

Erikson states it is critical that parents allow their children to explore the limits of their abilities within an encouraging environment which is tolerant of failure.

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development - Wikipedia

For example, rather than put on a child's clothes a supportive parent should have the patience to allow the child to try until they succeed or ask for assistance. So, the parents need to encourage the child to become more independent while at the same time protecting the child so that constant failure is avoided.

A delicate balance is required from the parent. They must try not to do everything for the child, but if the child fails at a particular task they must not criticize the child for failures and accidents particularly when toilet training.

Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of will. If children in this stage are encouraged and supported in their increased independence, they become more confident and secure in their own ability to survive in the world. If children are criticized, overly controlled, or not given the opportunity to assert themselves, they begin to feel inadequate in their ability to survive, and may then become overly dependent upon others, lack self-esteemand feel a sense of shame or doubt in their abilities.

Guilt Initiative versus guilt is the third stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development.What Are Some Examples of Erikson's Stages of Development?


Infancy, early childhood, preschooler, school age and adolescent are some of the stages in Erikson's theory of development. Others include young adult, middle-aged adult and older adult. Infancy is characterized by feelings of optimism and. Home Essays Eriksons Psychosicial Theory.

Eriksons Psychosicial Theory. Topics: Developmental psychology, Erikson's theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan in eight stages, but as we taking about children and young people so up to 5 stages cover that year age group, so we talk about his first five.

´╗┐Erikson was a psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings. He was influenced by Sigmund Freud describing definite stages that children pass through. Eriksons' work is as relevant today as when he first outlined his original theory, in fact given the modern pressures on society, family and relationships - and the quest for personal development and fulfilment - his ideas are probably more relevant now than ever.

Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory 1. The theory focuses on the dynamic interaction between these two influences during development.

The first stage of Eriksons theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life.

Because an infant is utterly dependent, the. This theory is labeled the stages of psychosocial development and is characterized as a series of psychological stages that have a basic conflict and important event leading to growth.

The theory.

Erikson's Stages of Development - Learning Theories