Knowing that the punishment for their behavior will be severe, the girls claim that they were possessed by the spirits of members of the community who are trying to initiate them into witchcraft.
The Importance Essay Pages: The importance of a human touch -- and ear 'Just the facts' -- the allure of quantitative research is that it claims to provide facts, plainly and simply, in neat rows of tabulated data.
However, qualitative researchers deny the possibility of knowing anything for certain, even with facts that are tabulated. Their approach to knowledge is relativistic. They accept the subjective nature of human experience. Instead of establishing a cause-and-effect relationship between two variables, or finding an association between data sets in an experiment, qualitative research proceeds into the raw fabric of human lifeand establishes its conclusions after the fact, after detailed observation of a small not necessarily statistically significant population group.
Qualitative research deploys case studies, ethnographies and other methodologies, such as the study of historical accounts essays, journals, and letters to derive conclusions. For example, if a researcher wished to analyze the different sociological status of people accused of witchcraft vs.
In contrast, Margaret Mead, when seeking to answer the question if adolescence was stressful across all cultures, embarked upon ethnography of Samoan society that cumulated in her seminal work Coming of Age in Samoa. An advocate of a quantitative approach might use Mead as an example of why qualitative research is problematic -- Mead was biased by her own upbringing in a relatively constrained household, and looked upon more open Samoan society as an eroticized artifact.
This is typical problem when a culture deemed 'other' is being studied by an outsider. Advocates of qualitative research would state that it was the way Mead embarked upon her research that was the problem.
Mead only interviewed the members of the Samoan community when accompanied by a chaperone and her pre-determined bias to find that Samoa was more sexualized than American society was what skewed her interpretation.
Today's qualitative anthropologists doing case studies are more apt to live amongst the peoples whom they are studying. They often temporarily live the lifestyle of their subjects, and learn the native language.
Of course, this provokes an equally vociferous response from quantitative advocates, who argue that such subjective ways of knowing yield more information about the researcher's own psyche and excitement with traveling than paint a true portrait of another culture.
Qualitative advocates respond it is the idiosyncrasies of a foreign culture that are revealed, not that of the researcher, necessarily "A major strength of the qualitative approach is the depth to which explorations are conducted and descriptions are written, usually resulting in sufficient details for the reader to grasp the idiosyncrasies of the situation" Myers, cited by Neill Furthermore, the instruments created to retrieve objective data by quantitative advocates do not fall from the sky -- when a quantitative researcher creates a study to determine adolescent attitudes about sexuality to use Mead's examplehis or her biases are manifest in the structure of the questions.
The questions are likely to be more meaningful to a person from the researcher's culture and point-of-view, not the subjects. Even a researcher from the culture of his or her subjects, such as a marketer compiling data, has a particular bias. And furthermore, the presumption of objectivity in quantitative research is perhaps the most biased and dangerous methodological assumption of all, as the quantitative researcher enters into the research with a singular hypothesis that must be proven or disproven, and cannot accept idea that he or she lacks a subconscious ideological slant.
The ability of qualitative research to reveal the unexpected is perhaps its greatest asset, for marketers as well as for anthropologists and academics. Ray Kroc, the founder of McDonald's, was searching for a new way to market his brand.
A manager had noticed that many customers would eat the tiny bag of McDonald's French Fries and lick the salt on the package until not a morsel remained.
Kroc's employee suggested introducing larger sizes of fries. Kroc initially dismissed the idea, pointing out that people could always order a larger size. However, the response was ingenious: Kroc introduced the new sizing, and now, much to the horror of nutritioniststhe larger sizes at McDonald's are more popular than the small sizes.
If Kroc had submitted questionnaires to people, they might not want to admit, even to themselves, that they wanted more fries with their burgers. Moreover, sizing as a menu option had not even occurred to Kroc. Only through observation did he learn what his customers really wanted, as oppose to what they said they wanted.
This dichotomy between what people say they want and what people actually want reflects another strength of qualitative research. People often say that they want healthier options on menus and at the supermarket when they are constructing an idealized image of themselves on a piece of paper, but what they actually purchase is often quite unhealthy and laden with sugar and fat.
Attitudes about subjects such as virginity, for example, may conflict with actual behavior.In Depth Research of Witchcraft - In Depth Research of Witchcraft For my final project, I choose the non-ordinary topic of witchcraft.
I was not and am not, interested in researching this to learn how to become a witch and to practice the craft. Salem witch trials, (June –May ), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
The Salem Witchcraft trials essentially began on January 20th of On this date Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams started to act very strangely and people believed that their behavior was the result of .
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It means you can choose compare and contrast essay topics by conducting in-depth research, asking for advice, or hiring a professional academic writer to help.
How they treated people accused of witchcraft in 2 different historical events. Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for High School Students. Due to its widespread distribution, witchcraft has become a staple topic in anthropological research.
In his classical study of the Azande of colonial Sudan, Evans-Pritchard () distinguished between ‘witchcraft’ and ‘sorcery’ by their technique.