See Article History Jajmani system, Hindi: These relations are supposed to continue from one generation to the next, and payment is normally made in the form of a fixed share in the harvest rather than in cash.
Jajman or jijman used for land owning castes and kamin for serving group. Beidelman brought out the elements of dependence of one caste over the other.
According to Beidelman kamins were exploited by jajmans through lesser payments and cohersions. Majumdar refers to emergence of bonded labour from downward exploitation. Oscar lewis jajmani system does not give opportunity for the kamin to escape the cohersions of jajmani on other hand economic dependence of kamin on jajman increased rural poverty in india.
Srinivas the exploitation is not only downward but also upward as well. Herald Gould appoints that kamin are not totally dependent on jajamn as they can sell their services to other families and villages.
With the rigidity of caste system reducing jajmani system also lost its sheen, modern agricultureemergence of market economy provide a way out for both kamin and jajman.
At the same time government policies such as land reform and abolition of zamindari was a blow to jajmani system, promoting education of lower caste welfare scheme, employment opportunities had everlasting blow to jajmani system.In the jajmani system, the high caste landowning families are rendered services and products by the lower castes.
The serving castes are called kamins, whereas the served castes are known as jajmans.
The kamins are paid in cash or kind for their services (Ram Ahuja, Indian Social System, p. ).
Jajmani system. William H Wiser introduced the term Jajmani system in the vocabulary of Indian sociology through his book The Hindu Jajmani system where he described in detail how different caste group interact with each other in the production and exchange of goods and services.
The jajmani system is essentially based on caste system. Caste system is a unique feature of the Indian society.
The customs, traditions and rules of behaviour differ from caste to caste. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the meaning, definition, advantages and disadvantages of Jajmani system in India. Meaning of Jajmani System: Jajmani system is considered as the backbone of rural economy and social order.
It is a system of traditional occupational obligations. In rural India Jajmani system is very much linked with caste system. Jajmani system (Hindi: जजमान from Sanskrit: यज्ञमान) or Yajman system was an Indian economic system in which lower castes performed various functions for upper castes and received grain in return.
The jajmani ideal is suspect as the anthropological analogue of the same theoretical system presented by texts that describe a unified, conflict-free, reciprocal, and hierarchically weighted system of interrelated varnas (social classes).