Psychological development

Cardiovascular disease It has been found that older age does increase the risk factor of contracting a cardiovascular disease.

Psychological development

Cardiovascular disease It has been found that older age does increase the risk factor of contracting a cardiovascular disease.

Psychological development

Hypertension and high cholesterol have also been found to increase the likelihood of acquiring a cardiovascular disease, which are also commonly found in older adults. Cardiovascular diseases include a variety of heart conditions that may induce a heart attack or other heart-related problems.

Healthy eating, exercise, and avoiding smoking are usually used to prevent cardiovascular disease. Immune system Infection occurs more easily as one ages, as the immune system starts to slow and become less effective. Aging also changes how the immune system reacts to infection, Psychological development new infections harder to detect and attack.

Essentially, the immune system has a higher chance of being compromised the older one gets. The hippocampus is the area of the brain that is most active in neurogenesis.

Psychological development

Research shows that thousands of new neurons are produced in the hippocampus every day. Evidence suggests that the brain changes in response to diet, exercise, social environment, stress and toxin intake. These same external factors also influence genetic expression throughout adult life - a phenomenon known as genetic plasticity.

Alois Alzheimera German neuropathologist and psychiatrist. Physiological abnormalities associated with AD include neurofibrillary plaques and tangles. Neuritic plaques, that target the outer regions of the cortex, consist of withering neuronal material from a protein, amyloid-beta.

Neurofibrillary tangles, paired helical filaments containing over-phosphorylated tau proteinare located within the nerve cell. Early symptoms of AD include difficulty remembering names and events, while later symptoms include impaired judgment, disorientation, confusion, behavior changes, and difficulty speaking, swallowing, and walking.

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After initial diagnosis, a person with AD can live, on average, an additional 3 to 10 years with the disease. Current estimates claim that 1 in 10, Americans have HD, however, 1 inare at-risk of inheriting it from a parent.

It typically affects people over the age of PD is related to damaged nerve cells that produce dopamine. Surgery pallidotomythalamotomy is often viewed as the last viable option.

The prevalence of suicide among older adults is higher than in any other age group. Depression[ edit ] Older adults are often at higher risk for disorders such as depression.

Depression is one of the most common disorders that presents in old age and is comorbid with other physical and psychiatric conditions, perhaps due to the stress induced by these conditions. Research indicates that higher levels of exercise can decrease the likelihood of depression in older adults even after taking into consideration factors such as chronic conditions, body mass index, and social relationships.

However, in the Epidemiological Catchment Area Project, researchers found that 6-month prevalence rates for anxiety disorders were lowest for the 65 years of age and older cohort. A recent study found that the prevalence of general anxiety disorder GAD in adults aged 55 or older in the United States was However, ADHD in adults results in lower household incomes, less educational achievement as well as a higher risk of marital issues and substance abuse.

Those in hospitals and nursing homes differ in risk for a multitude of disorders in comparison to community-dwelling older adults. Optimizing health and mental well-being in adulthood[ edit ] An older adult performing a recommended exercise for aging individuals.

Exercising four to six times a week for thirty to sixty minutes has physical and cognitive effects such as lowering blood sugar and increasing neural plasticity. Diets containing foods with calcium, fiber, and potassium are especially important for good health while eliminating foods with high sodium or fat content.

A well-balanced diet can increase resistance to disease and improve management of chronic health problems thus making nutrition an important factor for health and well-being in adulthood.

Mental stimulation and optimism are vital to health and well-being in late adulthood. Adults who participate in intellectually stimulating activities every day are more likely to maintain their cognitive faculties and are less likely to show a decline in memory abilities.

Cognitive, physical, and social losses, as well as gains, are to be expected throughout the lifespan. Older adults typically self-report having a higher sense of well-being than their younger counterparts because of their emotional self-regulation.

Researchers use Selective Optimization with Compensation Theory to explain how adults compensate for changes to their mental and physical abilities, as well as their social realities.According to Erik Erikson’s theory, we all encounter a certain crisis that contributes to our psychosocial growth at each of Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development.

Headstrong Consulting provides psychological services in a variety of fields, including sport and performance psychology, counselling psychology, psychotherapy, . The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences.

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Erik Erikson (15 June – 12 May ) was a Danish-German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings. TPSYCH Introduction to Psychology (5) I&S Surveys major areas of psychological science, including human social behavior, personality, psychological disorders and treatment, learning, memory, human development, biological influences, and research methods.

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