Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
Here is a sample paraphrase: From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky. While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building. Just how high can a building go?
Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a story building.
How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than worlds tallest building, the Sears Tower, is unknown. The design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, Robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient know-how to build a skyscraper with over stories Bachman The writer never uses the exact words of the author therefore there is no need to use quotation marks.
The writer summarizes, uses his or her own words and then cites the source at the end. Sometimes a paraphrase will be large and must be broken up. A good rule of thumb is to break up a paragraph that is completely paraphrased into two or three citations.
The writer has given credit to the author and thus has avoided plagiarism.
Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. Your paper will more or less be paraphrase after paraphrase linked together by your own words and analysis. You need to introduce, analyze and put into context the paraphrases you use.
This is the nature of the research paper, after all, you are not the expert, they are. If you cite from the same author in the very next citation you do not have to put the authors last name in the in line citation, just the page number.
As a matter of fact the architect William LeMessurier claims he designed a skyscraper that is over a half a mile tall Citing a Direct Quote Citing a direct quote uses the same form as citing a paraphrase. The differences is that you are using someone else's words directly.
Here is a sample direct quote: From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon May Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity. The importance of the sea to the environment of the earth cannot be underestimated.
The first sentence is neither a paraphrase or a quote. It is the writers own words. The writer is introducing and placing the Cousteau quote into context.
Direct Quote Over Four Lines: A great speech or famous quote might justify using a direct quote over four lines.Custom writing.
Name your topic & get a pro writer on the job. We deliver unique papers in any discipline. Following your requirements is our #1 rule. For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed.
Research Proposal Example and Sample. Most of the students struggle to find information on how to write a research proposal and spend lots of money when hiring others to complete the task. Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper.
The following two sample research papers are typical of the papers that might be submitted in different kinds of courses. Reading these papers will help you learn about organizing an argument and working with sources. To provide a worthy example of research paper thesis statement lets return to the discussed above topic “How has the music industry been affected by the internet and digital downloading?”.
have a look at research paper introduction example: format_list_bulleted. x.