Jim Leffel Everyone has a set of beliefs. In this chapter, we will discuss the concept of "basic beliefs," and describe the basic belief systems that shape contemporary ideologies. In chapter three, we will examine how to critically assess basic beliefs. Setting a foundation Our capacity to ask "why" is one thing that makes us distinct as human beings.
Religio Religion from O. One possible interpretation traced to Ciceroconnects lego read, i. The definition of religio by Cicero is cultum deorum, "the proper performance of rites in veneration of the gods. Augustinefollowing the interpretation given by Lactantius in Divinae institutiones, IV, The term was sparsely used in classical Greece but became more frequently used in the writings of Josephus in the first century CE.
It was used in mundane contexts and could mean multiple things from respectful fear to excessive or harmfully distracting practices of others; to cultic practices.
It was often contrasted with the Greek word deisidaimonia which meant too much fear. Threskeia is sometimes translated as religion in today's translations, however, the term was understood as worship well into the medieval period. Throughout classical South Asiathe study of law consisted of concepts such as penance through piety and ceremonial as well as practical traditions.
Medieval Japan at first had a similar union between imperial law and universal or Buddha law, but these later became independent sources of power.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the terms Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Confucianism, and world religions first entered the English language.
What is called ancient religion today, they would have only called law. There are however two general definition systems: The very attempt to define religion, to find some distinctive or possibly unique essence or set of qualities that distinguish the religious from the remainder of human life, is primarily a Western concern.
The attempt is a natural consequence of the Western speculative, intellectualistic, and scientific disposition. It is also the product of the dominant Western religious mode, what is called the Judeo-Christian climate or, more accurately, the theistic inheritance from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
The theistic form of belief in this tradition, even when downgraded culturally, is formative of the dichotomous Western view of religion. That is, the basic structure of theism is essentially a distinction between a transcendent deity and all else, between the creator and his creation, between God and man.
We just know that it is done, annually, weekly, daily, for some people almost hourly; and we have an enormous ethnographic literature to demonstrate it.
He also emphasized the cultural reality of religion, which he defined as […] the entirety of the linguistic expressions, emotions and, actions and signs that refer to a supernatural being or supernatural beings. When more or less distinct patterns of behavior are built around this depth dimension in a culture, this structure constitutes religion in its historically recognizable form.
Religion is the organization of life around the depth dimensions of experience—varied in form, completeness, and clarity in accordance with the environing culture. He also argued that the belief in spiritual beings exists in all known societies. In his book The Varieties of Religious Experiencethe psychologist William James defined religion as "the feelings, acts, and experiences of individual men in their solitude, so far as they apprehend themselves to stand in relation to whatever they may consider the divine".
Sacred things are not, however, limited to gods or spirits. Religion is the substance, the ground, and the depth of man's spiritual life.Personal values, belief and attitudes As human beings, we all have our own values, beliefs and attitudes that we have developed throughout the course of our lives.
Our family, friends, community and the experiences we have had all contribute to our sense of who we are and how we view the world.
They reveal the tremendous meanings and purposes of life and are inspired by God for eternal life and salvation they are heavenly divine truth, religious beliefs.
Diversity - All of our human differences. Diversity Training - Understanding how our differences may effect or influence our relationships at work (peers, subordinate, boss, and customers - intentionally or unintentionally).
Relationship Between Diversity and an Inclusive Work Place - The intent of looking at the diversity in your workplace and customer ranks is to create (impact) a more.
"Religion signifies those ways of viewing the world which refer to (1) a notion of sacred reality (2) made manifest in human experience (3) in such a way as to produce long-lasting ways of thinking, feeling, and acting (4) with respect to problems of ordering and understanding existence.".
What is the difference between a value and a belief? This is a question that I [ ] Blog; Health & Wellness. The difference between beliefs and values. Many people seem to lump the beliefs and values into the same definition.
But, while both are related, there are actually some not-so-subtle differences between the two. 2. Law: A commercially distributed good that is (1) tangible personal property, (2) output or result of a fabrication, manufacturing, or production process, and (3) passes through a distribution channel before being consumed or used.