K Merton Robert King Merton was a distinguished sociologist perhaps best known for having coined the phrase "self-fulfilling prophecy. He was heavily influenced by Pitirim Sorokin who tried to balance large-scale theorizing with a strong interest in empirical research and statistical studies. This and Paul Lazarsfeld influenced Merton to occupy himself with middle-range theories. Theories of the middle range:
More Essay Examples on Crime Rubric Within the study of criminals, researchers have tried to explain the influences upon behavior that results in crime - Anomie and Strain Theory Essay introduction.
A wide range of types of criminological theories, including biological, ecological, control, conflict and integrated theories, have been suggested and gained popularity. All these theories are distinct from one another, but not wholly unrelated to each other.
Of importance for this endeavor are anomy and strain theories, which emphasize negative relationships between individuals that lead to crime. The historical roots of anomie theories in criminology trace originally to Durkheim and then Merton.
Durkheim and Anomie Emile Durkheim was an important force in the development of a strain theory that explains the connection between societal change and crime. Writing in reaction to Lombroso and the classical school of thought, which argues that behavior is the result of biological factors, Durkheim suggested that behavior is the result of societal factors.
Anomie, the condition of normlessness, is the consequence of a breakdown in the conventions that instract society how to behave.
The socially accepted goals, and the means of achieving those goals, have been weakened or removed, creating crime Void. This breakdown is the result of radical, quick changes in a society.
At the time of writing this theory, Durkheim suggested that the traditional religious constraints in France had been deliberately destroyed and had almost lost its influence over society. He postulated that loosening these constraints resulted in an increase of suicide.
This socially deviant activity extended to suggest that crime, another deviant activity, also increased Void. Durkheim addressed the issue of economic downturns as a form of strain, which could precipitate crime.
Individuals are not adjusted to these conditions and societal rules weaken or break down. Durkheim refers to the consciences in humans, incorporating both the collective and the individual, and argues the conflict between them is the main cause of social change. The conflict between the two consciences is not a mode of psychological explanation.
He insists that social evolution does not originate in the psychological constitution of the human.
Hence, social phenomenon, such as crime, must be explained by the response of the human conscience to the social structure. According to Durkheim, healthy societies set limits on the goals that individuals pursue. These limits are set so that individuals have a reasonable chance of achieving their goals.
This occurs because individuals are inherently unable to set limits on their desires. People will restrain their desires only in response to a limit they recognize as just, which means that this limit must come from an authority that they respect Durkheim.
That authority is society or one of its organs, such as legal system or religion. It is for this reason that anomie may lead to suicide or violence.
In particular, Durkheim insists that anomie may result in homicide or more violence if individuals blame others for their problems or if they are of low morality.The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Durkheim&Merton Anomie or Strain Theories Emile Durkheim" is the property of its rightful owner.
Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with benjaminpohle.com Durkheim and Merton’s theories differ most strongly on what constitutes the causes of anomie. Durkheim looks at anomie from a structural perspective, whereas Merton looks at the causes of anomie from both a macro and micro level, giving the theory a more detailed explanation.
The Durkheim and Merton Page This page explore the relationship between the theories of Emile Durkheim and Robert King benjaminpohle.com started it with an essay by Kevin Davis (), this has been developed using other student's benjaminpohle.commes alternative passages have been inserted on a . Ultimately, anomie institutional theory uses Merton’s definition of anomie but brings attention to the social criticism what Durkheim’s definition emphasizes.
Merton highlights an imbalance between the components of how a society is made up; however, Durkheim focuses on the social make up itself. During the ’s, sociologist Robert Merton began using the term anomie which refers to the confusion that occurs when social norms are conflicted or even nonexistent.
We will write a custom essay sample on The theories of Durkheim, Merton, and Agnew specifically for you. Anomie, Strain, And Social Bond Theories Suicide was one of the groundbreaking books in the field of sociology.
Written by French sociologist Émile Durkheim and published in it was a case study of suicide, a publication unique for its time which provided an example of what the sociological monograph should look like.