The DNI consolidates and curates intelligence across all federal intelligence agencies for presentation to and guidance of the president. The term Muslim Brotherhood is an umbrella term for a variety of movements.
You can help by adding to it. October Nonviolence or Ahimsa is one of the cardinal virtues  and an important tenet of JainismHinduismand Buddhism. It is a multidimensional concept,  inspired by the premise that all living beings have the spark of the divine spiritual energy; therefore, to hurt another being is to hurt oneself.
It has also been related to the notion that any violence has karmic consequences. While ancient scholars of Hinduism pioneered and over time perfected the principles of Ahimsa, the concept reached an extraordinary status in the ethical philosophy of Jainism.
The forms of nonviolence draw inspiration from both religious or ethical beliefs and political analysis. Religious or ethically based nonviolence is sometimes referred to as principled, philosophical, or ethical nonviolence, while nonviolence based on political analysis is often referred to as tactical, strategic, or pragmatic nonviolent action.
Commonly, both of these dimensions may be present within the thinking of particular movements or individuals. Lesser known is the role that nonviolent action has played and continues to play in undermining the power of repressive political regimes in the developing world and the former eastern bloc.
Susan Ives emphasizes this point by quoting Walter Wink: If we add all the countries touched by major nonviolent actions in our century the Philippines, South Africa Movements most often associated with nonviolence are the non-cooperation campaign for Indian independence led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhithe Civil Rights Movement in the United Statesand the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
Also of primary significance is the notion that just means are the most likely to lead to just ends. When Gandhi said that "the means may be likened to the seed, the end to a tree," he expressed the philosophical kernel of what some refer to as prefigurative politics.
Martin Luther King, a student of Gandhian nonviolent resistance, concurred with this tenet, concluding that "nonviolence demands that the means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek. They would argue, for instance, that it is fundamentally irrational to use violence to achieve a peaceful society.
People have come to use nonviolent methods of struggle from a wide range of perspectives and traditions.
A landless peasant in Brazil may nonviolently occupy a parcel of land for purely practical motivations. If they do not, the family will starve. A Buddhist monk in Thailand may "ordain" trees in a threatened forest, drawing on the teachings of Buddha to resist its destruction.
A waterside worker in England may go on strike in socialist and union political traditions.
All the above are using nonviolent methods but from different standpoints. Likewise, secular political movements have utilized nonviolent methods, either as a tactical tool or as a strategic program on purely pragmatic and strategic levels, relying on their political effectiveness rather than a claim to any religious, moral or ethical worthiness.
Gandhi used the weapon of nonviolence against British Raj Respect or love for opponents also has a pragmatic justification, in that the technique of separating the deeds from the doers allows for the possibility of the doers changing their behaviour, and perhaps their beliefs.
Martin Luther King wrote, "Nonviolent resistance The nonviolent resister not only refuses to shoot his opponent, but he also refuses to hate him. Gandhi saw Truth as something that is multifaceted and unable to be grasped in its entirety by any one individual. This led him to believe in the inherent worth of dialogue with opponents, in order to understand motivations.
On November 10,the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the first decade of the 21st century and the third millennium, the years toas the International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World. Ethical[ edit ] For many, practicing nonviolence goes deeper than abstaining from violent behavior or words.
It means overriding the impulse to be hateful and holding love for everyone, even those with whom one strongly disagrees.
In this view, because violence is learned, it is necessary to unlearn violence by practicing love and compassion at every possible opportunity. For some, the commitment to non-violence entails a belief in restorative or transformative justicean abolition of the death penalty and other harsh punishments.
This may involve the necessity of caring for those who are violent. Nonviolence, for many, involves a respect and reverence for all sentientand perhaps even non-sentient, beings. This might include abolitionism against animals as property, the practice of not eating animal products or by-products vegetarianism or veganismspiritual practices of non-harm to all beings, and caring for the rights of all beings.
Mohandas GandhiJames Beveland other nonviolent proponents advocated vegetarianism as part of their nonviolent philosophy. Buddhists extend this respect for life to animalsplantsand even mineralswhile Jainism extend this respect for life to animalsplants and even small organisms such as insects.An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism.
Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities. How Women Drive Nonviolent Movements for Change. Women’s Roles as Strategists and Organizers is Often Hidden The number of such campaigns are at a record, she said, and the consequences are not entirely predictable.
party in cross-cultural and emotional situations to 18 participants in a month-long course conducted by the Spanish non. The pledges were asked nonsensical and personal questions, including about their sexual history and preferences and told to drink after each answer by active fraternity members and women invited to participate in “Mom and Dad’s Night,” a non-sanctioned initiation event.
“Lizzie explodes on the stage with a ferocious, hard rock energy that suits the murderous tale. New Line Theatre takes a boisterous swing at the legend of Lizzie Borden with Lizzie, a rock ‘n’ roll musical that’s one part horror story, one part rock opera, and all riot grrrl fury.
Women in Nonviolent Movements. Thursday, December 29, / By: Marie A. Principe Nonviolent movements are nearly twice as successful as violent ones in achieving their objectives. " A New Book Aims to Set the Record Straight on U.S. Peacemaking in the Middle East. Mass killings occurred under several twentieth-century communist regimes.
Nonviolent resistance (NVR or nonviolent action) Peace camps and strategic non-violent resistance to Israeli construction of Jewish settlements and of the West Bank Barrier have been adopted as tactics by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Nonviolent resistance movements; Category:Anti-war activists by nationality;. The pledges were asked nonsensical and personal questions, including about their sexual history and preferences and told to drink after each answer by active fraternity members and women invited to participate in “Mom and Dad’s Night,” a non-sanctioned initiation event. Jul 24, · The Proven Superiority Of Nonviolent Resistance. Their conclusion was that nonviolent movements were twice as likely to succeed as violent movements, and that .
Death estimates vary widely, depending on the definitions of deaths included. The higher estimates of mass killings account for crimes against civilians by governments, including executions, destruction of population through man-made hunger and deaths during forced deportations, imprisonment and through forced labor.